There are two main types of diabetic emergency,
Hyperglycaemia or Hypoglycaemia. In the first type, Hyperglycaemia
the blood sugar level is too high and above 15mmol/L. Where as with
Hypoglycaemia the blood sugar level is too and drops below the average
range of 3.5 and 7mmol/L
Hyperglycaemia (diabetic coma)
The sufferer may have any of the following
symptoms, dry mouth, feel thirsty, complain of stomach pain, have
a weak rapid pulse, have breathing problems, vomiting and they may
become unconscious. Ensure clear airway and check breathing and signs
of circulation. Ask them if they have any medication with them, if
they do not then call the emergency services.
Hypoglycaemia (insulin shock)
The sufferer may have a headache, feel
dizzy, show hostile behaviour, have a rapid pulse, feel hungry, have
sweating/pale skin. Calm them down and feed them some sugary food
under the tongue.
Keep in mind that the conditions described maybe mistaken for intoxication.
If you are unsure whether the person is suffering from insulin shock
or a diabetic coma, then treat them from insulin shock by giving them
something sweet. More sugar will not hurt a person suffering from
diabetic shock but may save the life of one suffering an insulin shock.