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There are two main types of diabetic emergency, Hyperglycaemia or Hypoglycaemia. In the first type, Hyperglycaemia the blood sugar level is too high and above 15mmol/L. Where as with Hypoglycaemia the blood sugar level is too and drops below the average range of 3.5 and 7mmol/L

Hyperglycaemia (diabetic coma)
The sufferer may have any of the following symptoms, dry mouth, feel thirsty, complain of stomach pain, have a weak rapid pulse, have breathing problems, vomiting and they may become unconscious. Ensure clear airway and check breathing and signs of circulation. Ask them if they have any medication with them, if they do not then call the emergency services.

Hypoglycaemia (insulin shock)
The sufferer may have a headache, feel dizzy, show hostile behaviour, have a rapid pulse, feel hungry, have sweating/pale skin. Calm them down and feed them some sugary food under the tongue.

Keep in mind that the conditions described maybe mistaken for intoxication. If you are unsure whether the person is suffering from insulin shock or a diabetic coma, then treat them from insulin shock by giving them something sweet. More sugar will not hurt a person suffering from diabetic shock but may save the life of one suffering an insulin shock.