Ask the person if they choking and if the person nods yes ask
them if they can speak. If the person shakes their head to say
no or can not make any sounds, carry out the following. Try to
Bend them forwards and encourage them to cough. Give up to 5
sharp blows to the back between the shoulder blades.
If this fails give them abdominal thrusts also known as the
Heimlich manoeuvre. This forces air out of the windpipe by the
and upward movement of the abdomen against the diaphragm. Use
the fist of one hand pointing inward just above the person’s
navel. Cover the fist with the other hand and thrust inward and
towards the person's head.
Repeat this thrust action until the object is expelled or the
person becomes unresponsive.
In the case of a choking
infant, lay the baby along your arm, head
down. Using the heel of your hand slap the baby between the shoulder
blades up to 5 times. Similarly an older child can be placed over
your knee, head down and slapped between the shoulder blades.
If the person becomes unresponsive:
Dial 999 and
call the Emergency Services
procedure for unresponsive person. Everytime
you open the airway, look for the foreign object and if you
see it, remove it.